what are we going to study the weeks of october 11 to november 4
Compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars, star patterns, and planets. a. Recognize the physical attributes of stars in the night sky such as number, size, color, and patterns. b. Compare the similarities and differences of planets to the stars in appearance, position, and number in the night sky. c. Explain why the pattern of stars in a constellation stays the same, but a planet can be seen in different locations at different times. d. Identify how technology is used to observe distant objects in the sky
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS (THESE QUESTIONS ARE DUE NOVEMBER 4, 2016. PLEASE ANSWER IN COMPLETE SENTENCES ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER WITH YOUR FIRST AND LAST NAME. WRITE WITH YOUR BEST HANDWRITING SO IT CAN BE READ )
1. What is a star?
2. How are stars alike and different from each other?
3. How does the sun compare to other stars in the night sky?
4. How are constellations alike and different?
5. Why are some constellations observed during some seasons, but not during other seasons?
6. How are planets and stars alike and different in relation to appearance, position, and number in the night sky?
7. Why are planets seen in different locations in the night sky throughout the year?
8. How can technology be used to observe distant objects in the sky?
9. Why are different phases of the moon observed throughout the month? What is the sequence of those phases?
10. What are the relative sizes of the planets in our solar system?
11. What is the relative order of the planets from the sun in our solar system?
1. Our solar system is an Earth-centered solar system in which the sun and planets revolve around Earth.
2. The sun moves around the Earth, i.e. it rises in the East and sets in the West, to form day and night.
3. The change of seasons occurs because the Earth revolves around the sun in an elliptical (oval-shaped) orbit. When Earth nears the sun, summer occurs; and when the Earth is farthest from the sun, winter occurs.
4. Planets and stars are alike.
5. All stars are alike.
6. The sun is the largest star in the sky.
7. Constellations move across the sky at night.
8. Earth’s moon produces its own light.
9. Lunar phases are caused by Earth’s shadow being cast on the moon.
10. The same stars can be seen during the entire year.
11. There are thousands of stars in our solar system.
PROPER CONCEPTIONS: THINGS TO KNOW AND STUDY
1. Our solar system is a sun-centered system in which the planets, including Earth, revolve around the sun.
2. Day and night occur because the Earth rotates on its axis. Half of Earth, which faces the sun, has day; at the same time, the other half of the Earth has night. As the Earth rotates, the locations of Earth having day and night change.
3. The change of seasons is caused by the tilt of the Earth and its position in relation to the sun as the Earth orbits the sun in almost perfect circles. For example, when the northern half of the Earth tilts toward the sun, summer occurs in the northern hemisphere and winter occurs in the southern hemisphere.
4. Planets and stars are different in their appearance and motion.
5. Stars vary according to size and color.
6. The sun is a medium-sized star, but it appears larger than other stars because it is so close to Earth.
7. Changes in the locations of constellations during the night are due to the rotation of Earth on its axis.
8. Earth’s moon reflects the light of the sun.
9. Different phases of the moon are observed because of the relative positions of the moon to the Earth.
10. Different stars can be seen during different seasons.
11. There is just one star in our solar system, i.e. the sun.
CONCEPTS YOU NEED TO KNOW:
There are more stars in the sky than a person can count one-at-a-time during an entire lifetime.
Some stars are bigger than other stars.
The colors of stars vary according to how hot the stars are.
Stars are grouped together according to patterns known as constellations.
For a comparison of planets to stars in regard to appearance, both planets and stars look like points of light in the night sky, because they are so far away. When viewed through a telescope or binoculars, planets are not as bright as stars. In addition, planets appear as disks, whereas, stars look like fuzzy lights. When a comparison of the actual sizes and compositions of planets and stars is made, many differences exist. Planets are much smaller than stars. In regard to composition, planets are made of substances which reflect sunlight, whereas, stars consist of hot gases which produce light.
For a comparison of planets to stars in regard to position, planets appear to change their positions in relation to the stars, whereas, stars appear to remain in fixed positions in relation to each other. For a comparison of planets to stars in regard to number, planets and stars in the night sky appear quite different; only a few planets, but many stars, can be seen.
Because stars are so far away from us, changes in their positions are barely noticeable; thus, constellations appear to remain the same. Planets are closer to us than stars and the planets are in constant motion as they orbit the sun; therefore, they can be seen in different locations in the night sky in relation to the constellations.
Technological resources, such as telescopes and space probes, are used to observe distant objects in the sky.
The position and the motion of the Earth in relation to the sun causes night and day.
Because of the moon’s orbit around Earth, the moon appears to change its shape every night, but it looks the same again about every four weeks.
Because the Earth is tilted on its axis as it orbits the sun, seasonal changes occur on Earth.
Our solar system includes different-sized planets, which are located at different distances from the sun
Understanding factors and multiples including prime and composite numbers
4.OA.4 find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range 1–100. Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1–100 is a multiple of a given one-digit number. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1–100 is prime or composite
- I know multiplication and division facts through 10 (products to 100).
- I know a factor is a number being multiplied.
- I know a multiple is the product of two factors.
- I understand that a product is a multiple of each of its factors.
- I know a prime number has exactly two factors - one and itself.
- I know a composite number has three or more factors.
- I can identify a number that is a multiple of a given one digit number.
- I can find all factor pairs for whole numbers in the range 1-100.
- I can identify prime or composite numbers.
What are factors?
How are factors and multiples related?
A factor is a number that can be multiplied to obtain a product. A multiple is a product of two factors. Being fluent with finding factors and multiples will help students when working with fractions, applications of multiplication and division, and prime and composite numbers.
5.OA.5 Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. For example, given the rule "add 3" and the starting number 1 generate terms in the resulting sequence and observe that the terms appear to alternate between odd and even numbers. Explain informally why the numbers will continue to alternate in this way.
- I know a pattern follows a rule.
- I know a pattern repeats.
- I can make observations and generalizations about patterns.
- I can identify the given rule of a pattern.
- I can create or continue a number or shape pattern after being given a rule.
- ESSENTIAL QUESTION:
- What is a pattern?
How can an understanding of patterns be helpful in math and in real life situations?
A pattern is a sequence that follows a rule. Being able to reason about patterns helps students develop their problem solving skills and leads to work with functions.
- Write a rule for a shape pattern that involves a 3-dimensional figure. Include a description or drawing of the first element, and describe the appearance of at least 3 elements in the shape pattern. Identify at least one feature of the pattern.
- Describe at least 3 places where shape patterns can be seen in the world around you
- Write a word problem that includes a shape pattern. Pose a question, and show the pattern that may be used to solve the problem. Solve.